Difference between zero & Minimum Tillage

Difference between zero & Minimum Tillage   Zero tillage:  Father of zero tillage Glubler B. Triplets (USA), 1950 Primary tillage completely avoided. Secondary tillage restricted to seedbed preparation in the row zone only.  Keeps 50-100% of residue on soil surface. Before sowing, herbicides Paraquat, Glyphosate are used for weed control. Till planting is adopted. (Practice […]

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ICAR & Agricultural Research Institutes

ICAR & Agricultural Research Institutes Deemed to be universities: IARI: Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa (NewDelhi) IVRI: Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar (UP) NDRI: National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal (Haryana). CIFE: Central Institute of’ Fisheries Education,Mumbai, MH AAI: _ Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad (UP) Agricultural Research Institute: CARI Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair (Andaman […]

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MODELS OF COMMUNICATION

MODELS OF COMMUNICATION   1.The extension scientist J. Paul Leagans (1961) has told the following elements for an effective communication process– Communicator → Message → Channel → Treatment → Audience → Feedback   2. Berlo (1960) proposed six elements– Source→ Encoder→ Message→ Channel→ Decoder→ Receiver   3.Shannan C. & Weaver (1949) have told that there […]

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